To Conceive Following A Sill-Born Baby
Understanding All About Stillbirth – Diagnosis, Causes, Risk Factors
Stillbirth is a term used if the unborn fetus dies in the mother’s womb at 20 weeks of pregnancy or more. Loss of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks of gestation is termed as miscarriage.
Stillbirths are mostly seen to occur after 24 weeks of pregnancy but a small percentage is noticed during the onset of labor and delivery.
Statistics reveal that stillbirths can happen in 1 pregnancy a 100, and unless the causes are genetic, most women will be able to give birth to healthy babies in the next pregnancy. The chances of having a successful further pregnancy ranges to about 90%.
The condition is very overwhelming for the mother. Because it generally happens in pregnancies which are deemed normal, the fact that the unborn has died in the womb is heart wrenching for the parents.
Causes Of Stillbirth
Placental complications cause about half of all stillbirths.
Placental abruption(the separation of placenta from the womb), problems with the umbilical cord, mother’s health that may result in pre-eclampsia, genetic physical defects in the baby and pre-existing diabetes in the mother can also cause the baby to be born still. Pregnancy above the age of 40, addiction to illegal drugs and being overweight and obese can also be probable causes of stillbirth.
Some other causes of stillbirth are as follows:
- Improper fetal growth- Babies whose growth is slow are susceptible to the risk of stillbirth and this risk is increased in severely growth retarded babies. At every antenatal visit your baby’s growth will be chartered and if the baby is smaller than expected, in continuity, it can be attributed to a placenta that is not working properly. This increases the risk of stillbirth
- Placental abruption- Separation of placenta before the birth of the baby is another important cause of death of the baby. This is called the premature separation of placenta and is a leading cause of stillbirths
- Birth defects- Birth defects arising due to genetic and genetic and chromosomal abnormalities are also an important cause of stillbirth
- Infections-Infections involving baby, mother and placenta are an important cause of death of the fetus especially the infections occurring before 28 weeks of pregnancy.Examples of such fatal infections are listeriosis, fifth disease, syphilis and cytomegalovirus. About one in 10 stillbirths are caused by an infection
- Umbilical cord accidents-Umbilical cord abnormalities such as knot in the cord, or improperly attached cord interfere with properly oxygen supply to the baby and the outcome is fatal deprivation of oxygen to the fetus
The true causes of stillbirth are not clear in spite of thorough investigations It is also seen that sometimes more than two causes are accountable for fetus death.
Diagnosis Of Stillbirth During Pregnancy
A handheld Doppler device or an ultrasound scan will be performed if your doctor has any doubts that the baby has died in the womb. In the event the doctor cannot hear the baby’s heartbeat, an ultrasound will be done to confirm of the baby has died. Blood tests may also be recommended.
In case the baby has died, and there is no immediate health risk for you, you may take some time to think whether you want to wait for labor or labor be induced.The most important point for a pregnant woman to keep in mind is the perception of fetal movements.Whether the fetus is moving with the uterus or not is an important point in diagnosing stillbirth. Fetal heart sound is checked with the aid of the Doppler and is also clinically assessed by the stethoscope on every prenatal visit. Doubts, if any are immediately cleared by ultrasonograph.
Fetal movements and ultrasound are the main diagnostic tools for the diagnosis of stillbirth.This is devastating to the parents. Exceptional support and care should be provided to the parents, especially the mother.
Giving Birth To A Still-born Baby
Immediate delivery is required in women with some medical reasons. But in other cases the natural onset of labor is waited for. The care provider closely keeps a watch to check that there is no blood clotting issue or infection develops.
A c-section is not usually done.Mostly women opt for induced labor as soon as they come to know about the death of the fetus. The doctor may give you medications and you can go to your home and wait for labor to set through the induction process.
Some women prefer to wait for natural labor, though doctor will advise blood tests after 48 hours. The baby can deteriorate in the womb, making it difficult for the doctors to ascertain the cause of the death.
How Is Labor Induced For A Still-born Baby?
Cervix is dilated with the help of medicines in the vagina by the caregiver. Subsequently oxytocin IV drip is given to stimulate the contractions of the uterus. Most of the women deliver vaginally by this process.
Dilation And evacuation (D&E) Of Dead Fetus
D&E or dilatation and evacuation is the process done for women in second trimester whereby she is sedated under IV or general anesthesia and the cervix is dilated and baby is removed. Following are the factors that have to be pondered and taken into consideration while choosing between delivery and D&E:
- D&E is better for females needing a fast and rapid procedure but it should be done by an experienced practitioner only
- Complications associated with D&E are infection, sepsis, and incomplete evacuation
- Induction and delivery is suited for women who do not want to go for D&E
Autopsy of the baby is done to investigate any clue responsible for the actual cause of death of the baby. Therefore autopsy must be done.
How Can I Prevent Chances Of Still-births?
Most still-births happen to healthy pregnant women. Prevention is also difficult as many causes of still birth are yet unknown. If you notice any bleeding per vaginum in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, immediately visit your doctor.
This can be an alarming sign of placental abruption.
Any uterine tenderness, off and on uterine contractions, back pain, cramp abdominal pain and decreased fetal movements are some of the important signs should be kept in mind and if any of these are noticed, immediately consult your obstetrician and take the required precautions and medications.
When you are in mid trimester of pregnancy, be very particular about fetal movements and any of the above mentioned alarming signs. You can cut down your risk of having stillbirth by keeping in mind following points.
- Always take a preconception visit to your health provider before becoming pregnant. This visit provides you a chance to identify pre-existing problem and treat it well in time
- Problems diabetes or hypertension can be discovered and treated
- Inform your care provider about the medications you are taking, if any. Always consult the provider before taking any over the counter medicines or even herbal medicines to ensure whether they are safe during pregnancy
- You should start taking 400 micrograms of folic acid per day and multivitamin tablets at least two months before getting pregnant. This will help you cut down your risk of birth defects such as spina bifida, neural tube defect, etc.
- If you are overweight, consult a nutritionist and take healthy diet free of carbohydrates and fat. Regular exercising will also help you keep weight in control. Drink a lot of liquids and don’t take starchy foods
- If you are pregnant, shun smoking, alcohol intake, or taking any drug that you have been
- According to researches women who smoke during first trimester of pregnancy are at the risk of having stillbirth
- Attend all your antenatal appointments religiously so that the baby’s growth can be closely monitored
Who Is At A Higher Risk Of Stillbirth?
Though stillbirth can happen to a normal healthy women, some conditions do put you at a higher risk of having a still-born baby.
A history of preterm birth, pregnancy-induced hypertension, or pre-eclampsia, a previous stillbirth or a complicated pregnancy can increase the odds of having a stillbirth.
Chronic medical conditions thrombophilia (a blood clotting disorder), thyroid, hypertension, diabetes or a history of smoking or addiction to drugs can also result in stillbirth.
Guilt, Grief and Loss
Guilt is generally a common reaction to a still birth, but be assured the chances of causing a stillbirth due to something that you did or you did not do are practically very rare.
A sense of deep grief, anger, pain, resentment and confusion may play havoc with your marriage as well your life.
Though it is a very trying and emotionally depleting experience, you need to be strong and positive.
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New Born Baby Wishes & Congratulations Messages
A new born baby brings lots of happiness and uncountable joy’s with his arrival on this earth. Really, it’s a great moment for the parents and the baby’s all near and dear relatives. On this happy moment the parents surely deserve congratulations and the baby as well good wishes.
If you’re fall in shortage of wordings to congratulates and looking for what to say for New Born Baby Wishes then you may find this post more helpful to get some amazing new born baby wishes and messages which are appropriate for both new born baby boy or girl.
Just take a look and surely these messages and wishes for new born baby will make your task easy, also you may use this as new born baby card messages.
Best Wishes For New Born Baby
For all the joy and smiles they bring, a new baby is worth everything. Congratulations on your new arrival! Can’t wait to see that sweet little smile.
May your precious new born baby brings a happiness to the world and special joy to you! So happy for you two! That’s going to be one lucky baby.
A father so handsome, a mom so pretty – no wonder your newborn is such a sweetie. Ahhh! Freaking out over here. Congratulations, you guys!
There is nothing sweeter in this world than the smell of your new born baby’s breath, the happy cooing sounds and the smell of baby skin. Congratulations on your new bundle of joy.
Welcome to the new born and congratulations to Mom and Dad! Wishing you all a lifetime of love, health, laughter and happiness together.
Congratulations and a very warm welcome to your new born. May his/her life be blessed with good health, love and laughter.
You all are Mother Nature’s perfect brew, tell your new baby on my behalf that there cannot be a family cuter than you. Congratulations.A little one has joined you both, how happy you must be… It was great when there were two of you, but even better now there’s three!
Congratulations! Now is the time to enjoy your baby’s little feet and baby smell. It will not be there forever, and you should take as many pictures as possible. You will want to miss a single precious moment!
If life could be measured in cute drools and adorable giggles, yours is just perfect right now. Congratulations.
Congratulations on the arrival of your new baby! This new addition will bring you lots of cuddling, fun times and baby2sweet memories. It will be worth the sleepless nights. All the best to your family.
May your baby’s cute smile and laughs, be a spike of happiness in your life’s graph. So happy for you two! That’s going to be one lucky baby. Congratulations.
Babies are wonders, babies are fun, congratulations on your new little one! Love just got real. So very excited for you.
Adorable Message For New Born Baby
A Tip for the New Parents: there are three primary emotional stages of development for a baby at this early age: 1. About to cry. 2. Crying. 3. Just finished crying. Congratulations.
A new born baby will make love stronger, days shorter, nights longer, bankroll smaller, home happier, clothes shabbier, the past forgotten, and the future worth living for.
I just got news of an angel going to make its presence felt in your life! Get ready for laughter, big noise and lots of hugs! Welcome to the world, little one! So thrilled that you’re here!Not all treasure is silver and gold… Congratulations on your ‘personal new treasure’ and little darling! What a very lucky baby!
Congratulations to proud new parents! May these tiny feet will tiptoe with love into your hearts and stay there forever!
Best wishes on your dearest new arrival. We hope you are all doing well. Enjoy every moment with your precious little one!
Your new born baby has chosen you to be her/his mommy and daddy. I think she/he has made a very good choice. Congrats and all the best for your new family!
Read : Twin Baby Congratulation Messages
Congratulations on the safe arrival of your newest family member!! May babyhood be filled with lots of joy and make for lots of wonderful memories. All the best!
No one can imagine life having their own children. But when they are born no one can imagine life without them. Wishing your new born good health and happiness!
Just to say “Hi” to the new member of the family! He (she) couldn’t have happened to a nicer parents! You two are going to make such amazing parents.
Wishes For New Born Baby Boy
So many dreams, so many wishes. So many hopes, so many questions. Such happy feelings, such a small human being. Welcome to life, little prince.
Let the God shower all His power upon the little baby boy so that he can make all his near and dear ones feel proud of him.
May your baby boy be the angel that you were always looking for. May he make your life happy, prosperous and pure. You two deserve every bit of happiness this baby is going to bring you. Congratulations.I don’t know who is more blessed. Either you are for having a new little baby boy, or your baby is for having you as parents. Congratulations to everyone!
Congrats on the first arrival of your new baby boy! May your son fills your life with joy and love! We can’t wait to see the many ways God blesses you with this little one.
A baby boy makes a mother his mom and a father his dad. So many happy and wonder-filled times ahead for you…congratulations.
God has blessed you with a life to look after. We will pray for you to have the wisdom, patience, and endurance to carry through with your job. Congrats for baby boy!
We’re really excited that your new baby boy has arrived safe and sound! May your new role as proud parents be filled with much joy and happiness