For the President of the United States.
Presidents, Vice Presidents, and First Ladies of the United States
The president of the United States is the head of state of the U.S., the chief executive of the federal government, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The United States was the first nation to create the office of president as the head of state in a modern republic.
The 45th and current president of the United States is Donald J. Trump. He was sworn in on January 20, 2017.
Requirements to Hold Office
According to Article II of the U.S. Constitution, the president must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.
State of the Union Address
The Constitution requires the president to give Congress a State of the Union, which is a report that addresses a president's legislative proposals and other plans for the country. There is no requirement stating what form or how often the report occurs; however, it normally occurs annually in the last week of January.
Contact the President
The president does not have a public direct telephone number. You can contact the White House by submitting your comments or questions online.
The vice president of the United States of America is the president of the Senate, and takes over the role of president if the president is unable to perform his or her duties. The vice president will become president if:
- The president dies
- The president resigns
- The president is temporarily incapacitated
- The vice president and a majority of the Cabinet judge that the president is no longer able to discharge the duties of the presidency
Current Vice President
The 48th and current vice president of the United States is Michael R. Pence. He was sworn in for a four-year term on January 20, 2017.
Contact the Vice President
The vice president does not have a public direct telephone number. You can fill in an online form with comments.
The First Lady of the United States has traditionally been the wife or other close female relative of the president of the United States. First Ladies are the hostesses of the White House, serve as advisors to the president, and are often involved in social issues. Over the course of American history, the role of the First Lady has changed and evolved.
The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History in Washington, DC, features a First Ladies exhibition, one of the museum's most popular attractions. Its virtual First Ladies interactive tour provides a visual experience of the First Ladies' gowns and other artifacts.
Current First Lady
The current First Lady of the United States is Melania Trump.
There are currently four living former U.S. presidents. Three of the former presidents have a presidential library where you can view important historical documents and explore interactive online exhibits. The presidential library of former President Barack Obama is being planned.
Information on former presidents is available from the Library of Congress.
Contact Former Presidents
You can send mail and sometimes email to some of the living former U.S. presidents:
Contact the office of former President Barack Obama.
Find the contact information for former President George W. Bush.
To contact former President Bill Clinton, send a letter to:
The Honorable William J. Clinton 55 West 125th Street
New York NY 10027
Find the contact information for former President Jimmy Carter.
Format and Salutations
When sending letters to former presidents, the proper form for addressing the envelope is:
The Honorable (president's name)
The proper form for the salutation in the letter is:
Dear Mr. (president's last name)
Learn about presidential libraries and museums.
The U.S. Constitution and the Presidential Succession Act of 1947 outline the presidential order of succession. The line of succession of cabinet officers is in the order of their agencies’ creation.If the President of the United States is incapacitated, dies, resigns, is for any reason unable to hold his/her office, or is removed from office, he/she will be replaced in the following order:
- Vice President
- Speaker of the House
- President Pro Tempore of the Senate
- Secretary of State
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Secretary of Defense
- Attorney General
- Secretary of the Interior
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Secretary of Commerce
- Secretary of Labor
- Secretary of Health and Human Services
- Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- Secretary of Transportation
- Secretary of Energy
- Secretary of Education
- Secretary of Veterans Affairs
- Secretary of Homeland Security
An election for president of the United States happens every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The next presidential election will be November 3, 2020.
Primaries, Caucuses, and Political Conventions
The election process begins with primary elections and caucuses. These are two methods that states use to select a potential presidential nominee. In general, primaries use secret ballots for voting. Caucuses are local gatherings of voters who vote at the end of the meeting for a particular candidate.
Then it moves to nominating conventions, during which political parties each select a nominee to unite behind. During a political party convention, each presidential nominee also announces a vice presidential running mate. The candidates then campaign across the country to explain their views and plans to voters.
They may also participate in debates with candidates from other parties.
What is the Role of the Electoral College?
During the general election, Americans go to their polling place to cast their vote for president. But the tally of those votes—the popular vote—does not determine the winner.
Instead, presidential elections use the Electoral College. To win the election, a candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes.
In the event no candidate receives a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.
What is a Typical Presidential Election Cycle?
The presidential election process follows a typical cycle:
- Spring of the year before an election – Candidates announce their intentions to run.
- Summer of the year before an election through spring of the election year – Primary and caucus debates take place.
- January to June of election year – States and parties hold primaries and caucuses.
- July to early September – Parties hold nominating conventions to choose their candidates.
- September and October – Candidates participate in presidential debates.
- Early November – Election Day
- December – Electors cast their votes in the Electoral College.
- Early January of the next calendar year – Congress counts the electoral votes.
- January 20 – Inauguration Day
For an in-depth look at the federal election process in the U.S., check out USA In Brief: ELECTIONS.
Contact the White House to request a presidential greeting.
You canpurchase official portraits of the president and vice president online.
Invitations for the White House and All Other Requests
If you would to extend an invitation to, have questions for, or would information about the president, the White House, or the status of a request, contact the White House.
Last Updated: June 4, 2019
A List of Presidents of the United States of America
List of Presidents of the United States
This article provides an overview of the Responsibilities of the President and provides a list of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States.
Roles & Responsibilities of the American President
The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The President is the highest political official in the United States in terms of influence and recognition.
The President leads the executive branch of the federal government and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers (the other being the vice president of the United States).
Among other powers and responsibilities, Article II of the United States Constitution charges the president with the following responsibilities:
- To “faithfully execute” federal law
- To be the president the commander-in-chief of the United States armed forces
- To nominate executive and judicial officers with the advice and consent of the Senate
- To grant pardons and reprieves
Due to the United States’ status as the only true remaining superpower, the president of the United States is generally regarded as the most powerful person in the world.
How is the U.S. President Elected?
The president of the USA is indirectly elected by the people of the country through the Electoral College to a four-year term. Since 1951, all presidents have been limited to two terms by the Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution. Learn more about Constitutional Amendments.
List of Presidents
Following is a list of Presidents of the United State of America. As you can see from the list, there have been 45 U.S. American Presidents to date. American presidents are elected to a term of four years and may serve a maximum of two terms (a total of eight years).
However, some U.S. American presidents in the list served for a longer period before the term limitation was put into effect. Also, some of the Presidents on the list only served a year or two of their term due to death in office.
The following is a list of all United States Presidents names in order of service. The list shows the President’s name, the years they served in office, and the presidential party to which they belong.
|#||Name||Years in Office||Party|
|1||George Washington||1789 – 1797|
|2||John Adams||1797 – 1801||Federalist Party|
|3||Thomas Jefferson||1801 – 1809||Democratic-Republican|
|4||James Madison||1809 – 1817||Democratic-Republican|
|5||James Monroe||1817 – 1825||Democratic-Republican|
|6||John Quincy Adams||1825 – 1829||Democratic-Republican|
|7||Andrew Jackson||1829 – 1837||Democrat|
|8||Martin Van Buren||1837 – 1841||Democrat|
|9||William Henry Harrison||1841 – 1841||Whig|
|10||John Tyler||1841 – 1845||Whig|
|11||James K. Polk||1845 – 1849||Democrat|
|12||Zachary Taylor||1849 – 1850||Whig|
|13||Millard Fillmore||1850 – 1853||Whig|
|14||Franklen Pierce||1853 – 1857||Democrat|
|15||James Buchanan||1857 – 1861||Democrat|
|16||Abraham Lincoln||1861 – 1865||Republican|
|17||Andrew Johnson||1865 – 1869||Democrat / National Union|
|18||Ulysses S. Grant||1869 – 1877||Republican|
|19||Rutherford B. Hayes||1877 – 1881||Republican|
|20||James A. Garfield||1881 (died in office)||Republican|
|21||Chester A. Arthur||1881 – 1885||Republican|
|22||Grover Cleveland||1885 – 1889||Democrat|
|23||Benjamin Harrison||1889 – 1893||Republican|
|24||24 – Grover Cleveland||1893 – 1897||Democrat|
|25||William McKinley||1897 – 1901||Republican|
|26||Theodore Roosevelt||1901 – 1909||Republican|
|27||William Howard Taft||1909 – 1913||Republican|
|28||Woodrow Wilson||1913 – 1921||Democrat|
|29||Warren G. Harding||1921 – 1923||Republican|
|30||Calvin Coolidge||1923 – 1929||Republican|
|31||Herbert Hoover||1929 – 1933||Republican|
|32||Franklin D. Roosevelt||1933 – 1945||Democrat|
|33||Harry S. Truman||1945 – 1953||Democrat|
|34||Dwight D. Eisenhower||1953 – 1961||Republican|
|35||John F. Kennedy||1961 – 1963||Democrat|
|36||Lyndon B. Johnson||1963 – 1969||Democrat|
|37||Richard M. Nixon||1969 – 1974||Republican|
|38||Gerald R. Ford||1974 – 1977||Republican|
|39||Jimmy Carter||1977 – 1981||Democrat|
|40||Ronald Reagan||1981 – 1989||Republican|
|41||George Bush||1989 – 1993||Republican|
|42||Bill Clinton||1993 – 2001||Democrat|
|43||George W. Bush||2001 – 2009||Republican|
|44||Barack H. Obama||2009 – 2017||Democrat|
|45||Donald Trump||2017 – Present||Republicasn|
Note: William Henry Harrison, the 8th President, died after only 31 days in office.
If you have any questions regarding this List of Presidents of the United States, please leave a comment below.
List of Assassinated U.S. American Presidents
Throughout history, the President of the United States has been one of the most sought-after targets for assassination in the world.
With the heightened state of terrorism and tense foreign relations, many politicians are under constant threat of being assassinated.
Most attempts fail all together, mostly due to the protective work of the United States Secret Service, who is responsible for protecting the first family 24 hours a day, seven days a week and three hundred and sixty five days a year.
- 1865: Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
- 1881: James A. Garfield. Charles J. Guiteau shot and killed James A. Garfield on July 2, 1881
- 1901: William McKinley. Leon Czolgosz assassinated William McKinley on On September 6, 1901 in Buffalo, New York.
- 1963: John F. Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated JFK in Dallas Texas on November 22, 1963.
To date, there have been 13 failed assassination attempts:
- Andrew Jackson
- Abraham Lincoln
- Theodore Roosevelt
- Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Harry S. Truman
- John F. Kennedy
- Richard Nixon
- Gerald Ford
- Jimmy Carter
- Ronald Reagan
- George H. W. Bush
- Bill Clinton
- George W. Bush
List of U.S. Vice Presidents (in Chronological Order)
John Adams (1789-1797)Thomas Jefferson (1797-1801)Aaron Burr (1801-1805)George Clinton (1805-1809)George Clinton (1809-1812)None (1812-1813)Elbridge Gerry (1813-1814)None (1814-1817)Daniel D. Tompkins (1817-1825)John C. Calhoun (1825-1829)John C. Calhoun (1829-1832)None (1832-1833)Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)Richard M.
Johnson (1837-1841)John Tyler (1841)None (1841-1845)George M. Dallas (1845-1849)Millard Fillmore (1849-1850)None (1850-1853)William King (1853)None (1853-1857)John C.
Breckinridge (1857-1861)Hannibal Hamlin (1861-1865)Andrew Johnson (1865)None (1865-1869)Schuyler Colfax (1869-1873)Henry Wilson (1873-1875)None (1875-1877)William Wheeler (1877-1881)Chester Arthur (1881)None (1881-1885)Thomas Hendricks (1885)None (1885-1889)Levi P. Morton (1889-1893)Adlai E.
Stevenson (1893-1897)Garret Hobart (1897-1899)None (1899-1901)Theodore Roosevelt (1901)None (1901-1905)Charles Fairbanks (1905-1909)James S. Sherman (1909-1912)None (1912-1913)Thomas R. Marshall (1913-1921)Calvin Coolidge (1921-1923)None (1923-1925)Charles Dawes (1925-1929)Charles Curtis (1929-1933)John Nance Garner (1933-1941)Henry A. Wallace (1941-1945)Harry S.
Truman (1945)None (1945-1949)Alben Barkley (1949-1953)Richard Nixon (1953-1961)Lyndon B. Johnson (1961-1963)None (1963-1965)Hubert Humphrey (1965-1969)Spiro Agnew (1969-1973)None (1973)Gerald Ford (1973-1974)None (1974)Nelson Rockefeller (1974-1977)Walter Mondale (1977-1981)George Bush (1981-1989)Dan Quayle (1989-1993)Al Gore (1993-2001)Dick Cheney (2001-2009)Joe Biden (2009-2017)
Mike Pence (2017- )