For the President of the United States.

Presidents, Vice Presidents, and First Ladies of the United States

For the President of the United States.

The president of the United States is the head of state of the U.S., the chief executive of the federal government, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The United States was the first nation to create the office of president as the head of state in a modern republic. 

Current President

The 45th and current president of the United States is Donald J. Trump. He was sworn in on January 20, 2017.

Requirements to Hold Office

According to Article II of the U.S. Constitution, the president must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.

State of the Union Address 

The Constitution requires the president to give Congress a State of the Union, which is a report that addresses a president's legislative proposals and other plans for the country. There is no requirement stating what form or how often the report occurs; however, it normally occurs annually in the last week of January.

Contact the President

The president does not have a public direct telephone number. You can contact the White House by submitting your comments or questions online.

The vice president of the United States of America is the president of the Senate, and takes over the role of president if the president is unable to perform his or her duties. The vice president will become president if:

  • The president dies
  • The president resigns
  • The president is temporarily incapacitated
  • The vice president and a majority of the Cabinet judge that the president is no longer able to discharge the duties of the presidency

Current Vice President 

The 48th and current vice president of the United States is Michael R. Pence. He was sworn in for a four-year term on January 20, 2017. 

Contact the Vice President

The vice president does not have a public direct telephone number. You can fill in an online form with comments.

The First Lady of the United States has traditionally been the wife or other close female relative of the president of the United States. First Ladies are the hostesses of the White House, serve as advisors to the president, and are often involved in social issues. Over the course of American history, the role of the First Lady has changed and evolved.

The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History in Washington, DC, features a First Ladies exhibition, one of the museum's most popular attractions. Its virtual First Ladies interactive tour provides a visual experience of the First Ladies' gowns and other artifacts. 

Current First Lady

The current First Lady of the United States is Melania Trump.

There are currently four living former U.S. presidents. Three of the former presidents have a presidential library where you can view important historical documents and explore interactive online exhibits. The presidential library of former President Barack Obama is being planned.

Information on former presidents is available from the Library of Congress.

Contact Former Presidents 

You can send mail and sometimes email to some of the living former U.S. presidents:

Contact the office of former President Barack Obama.

Find the contact information for former President George W. Bush. 

To contact former President Bill Clinton, send a letter to:

           The Honorable William J. Clinton           55 West 125th Street

           New York NY 10027

Find the contact information for former President Jimmy Carter.

Format and Salutations

When sending letters to former presidents, the proper form for addressing the envelope is:
The Honorable (president's name)

The proper form for the salutation in the letter is:
Dear Mr. (president's last name)

Learn about presidential libraries and museums.

The U.S. Constitution and the Presidential Succession Act of 1947 outline the presidential order of succession. The line of succession of cabinet officers is in the order of their agencies’ creation.

If the President of the United States is incapacitated, dies, resigns, is for any reason unable to hold his/her office, or is removed from office, he/she will be replaced in the following order:
  1. Vice President
  2. Speaker of the House
  3. President Pro Tempore of the Senate
  4. Secretary of State
  5. Secretary of the Treasury
  6. Secretary of Defense
  7. Attorney General
  8. Secretary of the Interior
  9. Secretary of Agriculture
  10. Secretary of Commerce
  11. Secretary of Labor
  12. Secretary of Health and Human Services
  13. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  14. Secretary of Transportation
  15. Secretary of Energy
  16. Secretary of Education
  17. Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  18. Secretary of Homeland Security

An election for president of the United States happens every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The next presidential election will be November 3, 2020.

Primaries, Caucuses, and Political Conventions

The election process begins with primary elections and caucuses. These are two methods that states use to select a potential presidential nominee. In general, primaries use secret ballots for voting. Caucuses are local gatherings of voters who vote at the end of the meeting for a particular candidate.

 Then it moves to nominating conventions, during which political parties each select a nominee to unite behind. During a political party convention, each presidential nominee also announces a vice presidential running mate. The candidates then campaign across the country to explain their views and plans to voters.

They may also participate in debates with candidates from other parties.

What is the Role of the Electoral College?

During the general election, Americans go to their polling place to cast their vote for president. But the tally of those votes—the popular vote—does not determine the winner.

Instead, presidential elections use the Electoral College. To win the election, a candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes.

In the event no candidate receives a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.

What is a Typical Presidential Election Cycle?

The presidential election process follows a typical cycle:

  • Spring of the year before an election – Candidates announce their intentions to run.
  • Summer of the year before an election through spring of the election year – Primary and caucus debates take place.
  • January to June of election year – States and parties hold primaries and caucuses.
  • July to early September – Parties hold nominating conventions to choose their candidates.
  • September and October – Candidates participate in presidential debates.
  • Early November – Election Day
  • December – Electors cast their votes in the Electoral College.
  • Early January of the next calendar year – Congress counts the electoral votes.
  • January 20 – Inauguration Day

For an in-depth look at the federal election process in the U.S., check out USA In Brief: ELECTIONS.

Contact the White House to request a presidential greeting. 

Photo Requests

You canpurchase official portraits of the president and vice president online.

Invitations for the White House and All Other Requests

If you would to extend an invitation to, have questions for, or would information about the president, the White House, or the status of a request, contact the White House.

Last Updated: June 4, 2019

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A List of Presidents of the United States of America

For the President of the United States.
List of Presidents of the United States

This article provides an overview of the Responsibilities of the President and provides a list of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States.

Roles & Responsibilities of the American President

The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The President is the highest political official in the United States in terms of influence and recognition.

The President leads the executive branch of the federal government and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers (the other being the vice president of the United States).

Among other powers and responsibilities, Article II of the United States Constitution charges the president with the following responsibilities:

  • To “faithfully execute” federal law
  • To be the president the commander-in-chief of the United States armed forces
  • To nominate executive and judicial officers with the advice and consent of the Senate
  • To grant pardons and reprieves

Due to the United States’ status as the only true remaining superpower, the president of the United States is generally regarded as the most powerful person in the world.

How is the U.S. President Elected?

The president of the USA is indirectly elected by the people of the country through the Electoral College to a four-year term. Since 1951, all presidents have been limited to two terms by the Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution. Learn more about Constitutional Amendments.

List of Presidents

Following is a list of Presidents of the United State of America. As you can see from the list, there have been 45 U.S. American Presidents to date. American presidents are elected to a term of four years and may serve a maximum of two terms (a total of eight years).

However, some U.S. American presidents in the list served for a longer period before the term limitation was put into effect. Also, some of the Presidents on the list only served a year or two of their term due to death in office.

The following is a list of all United States Presidents names in order of service. The list shows the President’s name, the years they served in office, and the presidential party to which they belong.

#NameYears in OfficeParty
1George Washington1789 – 1797
2John Adams1797 – 1801Federalist Party
3Thomas Jefferson1801 – 1809Democratic-Republican
4James Madison1809 – 1817Democratic-Republican
5James Monroe1817 – 1825Democratic-Republican
6John Quincy Adams1825 – 1829 Democratic-Republican
7Andrew Jackson1829 – 1837 Democrat
8Martin Van Buren1837 – 1841Democrat
9William Henry Harrison1841 – 1841Whig
10John Tyler1841 – 1845Whig
11James K. Polk1845 – 1849Democrat
12Zachary Taylor1849 – 1850 Whig
13Millard Fillmore1850 – 1853Whig
14 Franklen Pierce1853 – 1857Democrat
15James Buchanan1857 – 1861Democrat
16Abraham Lincoln1861 – 1865Republican
17Andrew Johnson1865 – 1869Democrat / National Union
18Ulysses S. Grant1869 – 1877Republican
19Rutherford B. Hayes1877 – 1881Republican
20James A. Garfield1881 (died in office)Republican
21Chester A. Arthur1881 – 1885Republican
22Grover Cleveland1885 – 1889Democrat
23Benjamin Harrison1889 – 1893Republican
2424 – Grover Cleveland1893 – 1897Democrat
25William McKinley1897 – 1901Republican
26Theodore Roosevelt1901 – 1909Republican
27William Howard Taft1909 – 1913Republican
28Woodrow Wilson1913 – 1921Democrat
29Warren G. Harding1921 – 1923Republican
30Calvin Coolidge1923 – 1929Republican
31Herbert Hoover1929 – 1933Republican
32Franklin D. Roosevelt1933 – 1945Democrat
33Harry S. Truman1945 – 1953Democrat
34Dwight D. Eisenhower1953 – 1961Republican
35John F. Kennedy1961 – 1963Democrat
36Lyndon B. Johnson1963 – 1969Democrat
37Richard M. Nixon1969 – 1974Republican
38Gerald R. Ford1974 – 1977Republican
39Jimmy Carter1977 – 1981Democrat
40Ronald Reagan1981 – 1989Republican
41George Bush1989 – 1993Republican
42Bill Clinton1993 – 2001Democrat
43George W. Bush2001 – 2009Republican
44Barack H. Obama2009 – 2017Democrat
45Donald Trump2017 – PresentRepublicasn

Note: William Henry Harrison, the 8th President, died after only 31 days in office.

If you have any questions regarding this List of Presidents of the United States, please leave a comment below.

List of Assassinated U.S. American Presidents

Throughout history, the President of the United States has been one of the most sought-after targets for assassination in the world.

With the heightened state of terrorism and tense foreign relations, many politicians are under constant threat of being assassinated.

Most attempts fail all together, mostly due to the protective work of the United States Secret Service, who is responsible for protecting the first family 24 hours a day, seven days a week and three hundred and sixty five days a year.

  • 1865: Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
  • 1881: James A. Garfield. Charles J. Guiteau shot and killed James A. Garfield on July 2, 1881
  • 1901: William McKinley. Leon Czolgosz assassinated William McKinley on On September 6, 1901 in Buffalo, New York.
  • 1963: John F. Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated JFK in Dallas Texas on November 22, 1963.

To date, there have been 13 failed assassination attempts:

  • Andrew Jackson
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Harry S. Truman
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Richard Nixon
  • Gerald Ford
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Ronald Reagan
  • George H. W. Bush
  • Bill Clinton
  • George W. Bush

List of U.S. Vice Presidents (in Chronological Order)

John Adams (1789-1797)Thomas Jefferson (1797-1801)Aaron Burr (1801-1805)George Clinton (1805-1809)George Clinton (1809-1812)None (1812-1813)Elbridge Gerry (1813-1814)None (1814-1817)Daniel D. Tompkins (1817-1825)John C. Calhoun (1825-1829)John C. Calhoun (1829-1832)None (1832-1833)Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)Richard M.

Johnson (1837-1841)John Tyler (1841)None (1841-1845)George M. Dallas (1845-1849)Millard Fillmore (1849-1850)None (1850-1853)William King (1853)None (1853-1857)John C.

Breckinridge (1857-1861)Hannibal Hamlin (1861-1865)Andrew Johnson (1865)None (1865-1869)Schuyler Colfax (1869-1873)Henry Wilson (1873-1875)None (1875-1877)William Wheeler (1877-1881)Chester Arthur (1881)None (1881-1885)Thomas Hendricks (1885)None (1885-1889)Levi P. Morton (1889-1893)Adlai E.

Stevenson (1893-1897)Garret Hobart (1897-1899)None (1899-1901)Theodore Roosevelt (1901)None (1901-1905)Charles Fairbanks (1905-1909)James S. Sherman (1909-1912)None (1912-1913)Thomas R. Marshall (1913-1921)Calvin Coolidge (1921-1923)None (1923-1925)Charles Dawes (1925-1929)Charles Curtis (1929-1933)John Nance Garner (1933-1941)Henry A. Wallace (1941-1945)Harry S.

Truman (1945)None (1945-1949)Alben Barkley (1949-1953)Richard Nixon (1953-1961)Lyndon B. Johnson (1961-1963)None (1963-1965)Hubert Humphrey (1965-1969)Spiro Agnew (1969-1973)None (1973)Gerald Ford (1973-1974)None (1974)Nelson Rockefeller (1974-1977)Walter Mondale (1977-1981)George Bush (1981-1989)Dan Quayle (1989-1993)Al Gore (1993-2001)Dick Cheney (2001-2009)Joe Biden (2009-2017)

Mike Pence (2017- )

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