For My Husband Who Is Returning To Prison

Why some Japanese pensioners want to go to jail

For My Husband Who Is Returning To Prison

Japan is in the grip of an elderly crime wave – the proportion of crimes committed by people over the age of 65 has been steadily increasing for 20 years. The BBC's Ed Butler asks why.

At a halfway house in Hiroshima – for criminals who are being released from jail back into the community – 69-year-old Toshio Takata tells me he broke the law because he was poor. He wanted somewhere to live free of charge, even if it was behind bars.

“I reached pension age and then I ran money. So it occurred to me – perhaps I could live for free if I lived in jail,” he says.

“So I took a bicycle and rode it to the police station and told the guy there: 'Look, I took this.'”

The plan worked. This was Toshio's first offence, committed when he was 62, but Japanese courts treat petty theft seriously, so it was enough to get him a one-year sentence.

Small, slender, and with a tendency to giggle, Toshio looks nothing a habitual criminal, much less someone who'd threaten women with knives. But after he was released from his first sentence, that's exactly what he did.

“I went to a park and just threatened them. I wasn't intending to do any harm. I just showed the knife to them hoping one of them would call the police. One did.”

Image caption Toshio displays his own drawings in his cell

Altogether, Toshio has spent half of the last eight years in jail.

I ask him if he s being in prison, and he points out an additional financial upside – his pension continues to be paid even while he's inside.

“It's not that I it but I can stay there for free,” he says. “And when I get out I have saved some money. So it is not that painful.”

Toshio represents a striking trend in Japanese crime. In a remarkably law-abiding society, a rapidly growing proportion of crimes is carried about by over-65s.

In 1997 this age group accounted for about one in 20 convictions but 20 years later the figure had grown to more than one in five – a rate that far outstrips the growth of the over-65s as a proportion of the population (though they now make up more than a quarter of the total).

And Toshio, many of these elderly lawbreakers are repeat offenders. Of the 2,500 over-65s convicted in 2016, more than a third had more than five previous convictions.

Another example is Keiko (not her real name). Seventy years old, small, and neatly presented, she also tells me that it was poverty that was her undoing.

“I couldn't get along with my husband. I had nowhere to live and no place to stay. So it became my only choice: to steal,” she says. “Even women in their 80s who can't properly walk are committing crime. It's because they can't find food, money.”

We spoke some months ago in an ex-offender's hostel. I've been told she's since been re-arrested, and is now serving another jail-term for shoplifting.

Find out more

Japan's Elderly Crime Wave can be heard on Assignment on the BBC World Service from Thursday 31 January – click here for transmission times

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Theft, principally shoplifting, is overwhelmingly the biggest crime committed by elderly offenders. They mostly steal food worth less than 3,000 yen (£20) from a shop they visit regularly.

Michael Newman, an Australian-born demographer with the Tokyo-based research house, Custom Products Research Group points out that the “measly” basic state pension in Japan is very hard to live on.

In a paper published in 2016 he calculates that the costs of rent, food and healthcare alone will leave recipients in debt if they have no other income – and that's before they've paid for heating or clothes. In the past it was traditional for children to look after their parents, but in the provinces a lack of economic opportunities has led many younger people to move away, leaving their parents to fend for themselves.

“The pensioners don't want to be a burden to their children, and feel that if they can't survive on the state pension then pretty much the only way not to be a burden is to shuffle themselves away into prison,” he says.

The repeat offending is a way “to get back into prison” where there are three square meals a day and no bills, he says.

“It's almost as though you're rolled out, so you roll yourself back in.”

Newman points out that suicide is also becoming more common among the elderly – another way for them to fulfil what he they may regard as “their duty to bow out”.

The director of “With Hiroshima”, the rehabilitation centre where I met Toshio Takata, also thinks changes in Japanese families have contributed to the elderly crime wave, but he emphasises the psychological consequences not the financial ones.

“Ultimately the relationship among people has changed. People have become more isolated. They don't find a place to be in this society. They cannot put up with their loneliness,” says Kanichi Yamada, an 85-year-old who as a child was pulled the rubble of his home when the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.

“Among the elderly who commit crimes a number have this turning point in their middle life. There is some trigger. They lose a wife or children and they just can't cope with that… Usually people don't commit crime if they have people to look after them and provide them with support.”

Toshio's story about being driven to crime as a result of poverty is just an “excuse”, Kanichi Yamada suggests. The core of the problem is his loneliness. And one factor that may have prompted him to reoffend, he speculates, was the promise of company in jail.

It's true that Toshio is alone in the world. His parents are dead, and he has lost contact with two older brothers, who don't answer his calls. He has also lost contact with his two ex-wives, both of whom he divorced, and his three children.
Image caption Toshio is a keen painter

I ask him if he thinks things would have turned out differently if he'd had a wife and family. He says they would.

“If they had been around to support me I wouldn't have done this,” he says.

Michael Newman has watched as the Japanese government has expanded prison capacity, and recruited additional female prison guards (the number of elderly women criminals is rising particularly fast, though from a low base). He's also noted the steeply rising bill for medical treatment of people in prison.

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There have been other changes too, as I see for myself at a prison in Fuchu, outside Tokyo, where nearly a third of the inmates are now over 60.

There's a lot of marching inside Japanese prisons – marching and shouting. But here the military drill seems to be getting harder to enforce. I see a couple of grey-haired inmates at the back of one platoon struggling to keep up. One is on crutches.

“We have had to improve the facilities here,” Masatsugu Yazawa, the prison's head of education tells me. “We've put in handrails, special toilets. There are classes for older offenders.”

He takes me to watch one of them. It begins with a karaoke rendition of a popular song, The Reason I was Born, all about the meaning of life. The inmates are encouraged to sing along. Some look quite moved.

“We sing to show them that the real life is outside prison, and that happiness is there,” Yazawa says. “But still they think the life in prison is better and many come back.”

Michael Newman argues that it would be far better – and much cheaper – to look after the elderly without the expense of court proceedings and incarceration.

“We actually costed a model to build an industrial complex retirement village where people would forfeit half their pension but get free food, free board and healthcare and so on, and get to play karaoke or gate-ball with the other residents and have a relative amount of freedom. It would cost way less than what the government's spending at the moment,” he says.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

Media captionJapan's elderly prisoners on life behind bars

But he also suggests that the tendency for Japanese courts to hand down custodial sentences for petty theft “is slightly bizarre, in terms of the punishment actually fitting the crime”.

“The theft of a 200-yen (£1.40) sandwich could lead to an 8.4m-yen (£58,000) tax bill to provide for a two-year sentence,” he writes in his 2016 report.

That may be a hypothetical example, but I met one elderly jailbird whose experience was almost identical. He'd been given a two-year jail term for only his second offence: stealing a bottle of peppers worth £2.50.

And I heard from Morio Mochizuki, who provides security for some 3,000 retail outlets in Japan, that if anything the courts are getting tougher on shoplifters.

“Even if they only stole one piece of bread,” says Masayuki Sho of Japan's Prison Service, “it was decided at trial that it is appropriate for them to go to prison, therefore we need to teach them the way: how to live in society without committing crime.”

I don't know whether the prison service has taught Toshio Takata this lesson, but when I ask him if he is already planning his next crime, he denies it.

“No, actually this is it,” he says.

“I don't want to do this again, and I will soon be 70 and I will be old and frail the next time. I won't do that again.”

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9 Ways to Know if Your Husband is Lying About Cheating – She Blossoms

For My Husband Who Is Returning To Prison

If you think your husband is cheating on you, you may be picking up on subconscious clues that he is having an affair. Here are 5 signs your husband is cheating, plus 4 ways to know if he’s lying to you about the affair.

These tips are from Gary Neuman, author of The Truth about Cheating: Why Men Stray and What You Can Do to Prevent It. On the Dr Oz show, this marriage counselor shared why men cheat and how to know if your husband is cheating. It’s important to learn the reasons men cheat, because that knowledge will help you determine if you can save your marriage.

Infidelity shatters trust, causing insecurity and resentment in marriage relationships. Women who think their husbands would never cheat are destroyed when they find out their husbands are lying about cheating.

Some wives have discovered their husbands were cheating after their husband passed away, which is why I wrote How to Forgive Your Husband for Cheating While He Was Alive. In this article, you’ll learn why men are men unfaithful and if infidelity be prevented.

What do men say they’re getting from their mistresses that they’re missing at home? Do a man’s friends have anything to do with his willingness to cheat?

“More than 50% of all men have cheated in a love relationship,” says Dr Oz. “Trying to rebuild trust after an affair seems impossible.” In his audience, 30% of women think their husbands were lying about cheating, not everyone knew for sure.

Below are marriage counselor Gary Neuman’s signs that a husband is having an affair. Plus, Janine Driver of the Body Language Institute shares four ways to know if your husband is lying about cheating.

Husbands cheat for several reasons:

  • Monogamy not part of a man’s nature. Biology makes men want to have as many kids as possible, so they cheat with as many female partners as possible.
  • Power, opportunity, money increases testosterone. The more testosterone a man has, the more ly he is to cheat.
  • Specific genes makes men men more ly to cheat. Scientists are studying a “cheating gene”, which involves decreased levels of vasopressin.
  • Husbands aren’t appreciated at home, so they cheat.
  • Men aren’t able to emotionally connect with their wives, so they cheat.

But, there is good news! According to Neuman, you can not only prevent your husband from being unfaithful, you can learn how to tell if he’s lying about cheating.

This will help you take steps forward and perhaps even heal your marriage.

How Do You Know If Your Husband Will Cheat on You?

9 Ways to Know if Your Husband is Lying About Cheating

Gary Neuman has been a marriage therapist for 23 years. He wrote The Truth about Cheating because he wanted to empower women by showing them how men think – which includes why husbands cheat on their wives.

This relationship counselor says 92% of men who cheat are sexually satisfied at home. Only 8% of men cheat because they want more physical intimacy. Surprisingly, 48% say they’re missing an emotional connection at home, so they cheat on their wives.

The women men cheat with are not better looking, younger, or skinnier than their wives. In fact, 88% of men say their affairs are with women who aren’t more beautiful than their wives.

Not surprisingly, 77% of husbands who cheated had best friends who also cheated on their wives. This means that your husband’s friends have a very real, direct effect on your marriage. If your husband’s best friend is cheating, then the chances are higher that your husband may cheat on you.

5 Signs of Cheating Husbands

  1. He’s not as interested in physical intimacy as he was before
  2. He avoids physical and emotional contact
  3. He criticizes you more often
  4. He picks fights or starts arguments with you
  5. He stays away from home

According to Gary Neuman, a woman’s intuition is the most important indicator that a man is cheating.

It’s normal to feel confused and get mixed messages from your instincts, because this is an extremely emotional subject. Your marriage is one of the most important things in your life, and looking for signs your husband is cheating is devastating.

If you’re confused, read 11 Common Signs of Cheating – Wisdom After the Affair.

Neuman also said that lying is worse than the actual cheating. Husbands try to convince their wives that she’s crazy for thinking he’d have an emotional or physical affair – which is so destructive to her self-esteem, self-confidence, and self-image.

4 Ways to Tell if Your Husband is Lying About His Affair

Janine Driver of the Body Language Institute shares four fascinating ways to tell if a husband is cheating on his wife and lying about it. These tips are good, but not enough to know for sure if your husband is lying about cheating on you.

1. How your husband talks can be a sign of lying

Wives know their husbands; if he changes how he normally talks or behaves, then he might be cheating or lying. If he doesn’t usually talk in a high pitch or swiftly, then he’s trying to hide something.

2. What he says – specific statements – are indications of lying about his affair

When a husband says, “I know you think I’m lying” – they’re saying I’m lying. When they say “You may not believe me, but I’m telling the truth” – then they’re telling the truth. Lying husbands actually tell the truth, cushioned in lies. (Note that this can’t be 100% accurate because if a man knows this, he’ll change the way he speaks, right?).

3. Your husband’s nonverbal body language is a sign of cheating

Driver calls this the “belly button rule.” When we’re telling the truth and are with people we , admire, and trust, we face our belly buttons towards them.

5 Signs Your Husband is Cheating and Lying About His Affair

When your husband is lying about cheating, he’ll turn away from you – and you know he’s cheating! If their belly button faces the door or exit, it’s because subconsciously they want to leave or escape. Also, a shoulder shrug should never accompany a definitive statement.

Never believe verbal statements over nonverbal body language. Always believe your husband’s nonverbal cues, especially if you suspect he’s lying about cheating.

Also – wrapping legs around leg of chair is a sign of restraint, of holding back, and not being honest. Leaning away from you is a sign of a cheating, lying husband because we lean away from things we want to avoid.

4. Emotional reactions to questions can be a sign of cheating and lying

If you confront your husband about your suspicion that he’s having an affair, and he gets angry, defensive, or overreacts emotionally, then it’s a sign that something’s up. Driver also mentioned that lying husbands tend to laugh nervously or make accusations towards their wives.

It helps to know your husband well. The better you know him, the easier you’ll spot the signs he’s lying about cheating. You also need to know yourself! Are you ignoring red flags? Do you know deep down that something isn’t right with your marriage…but you’re scared to face it?

To learn more from Gary Neuman, read his book The Truth about Cheating: Why Men Stray and What You Can Do to Prevent It.

Help With Marriages Shaken by Cheating Husbands

In Is He Lying to You? An Ex-CIA Polygraph Examiner Reveals What Men Don’t Want You to Know, Dan Crum reveals the two biggest signs of deception, the best way to trap a liar, and what to look and listen for when you suspect your husband is lying about having an affair.

A  complicating factor about affairs is the difference between physical and emotional cheating. If your husband is best friends with a woman and leaving you the relationship, it may be an emotional affair.

Read Emotional Affairs Vs. Innocent Friendships to learn the difference between the two types of cheating.

In Healing Your Marriage When Trust Is Broken: Finding Forgiveness and Restoration, Cindy Beall describes how her life changed forever after an ordinary Valentine’s Day.

She listened with disbelief to her husband, Chris, a respected pastor, confess to pornography addiction, numerous affairs, and the startling news that another woman was pregnant with his child. In her book, she describes how to protect a marriage from lies and cheating.

Why do you suspect your husband is cheating – what are the signs he’s lying to you? Feel free to share your stories and suspicions below! Sometimes writing your thoughts can help you work things out, because it can bring clarity and insight.

You’ll find it helpful and enlightening to read the comments about cheating below. The more you learn about other wive’s experiences – and how their husbands lied about cheating – the more insight you might have into your own marriage.


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6 Prayers For Those Incarcerated Or In Prison

For My Husband Who Is Returning To Prison

Here are six prayers that you can send to a prisoner or someone who’s in prison now can use.

Prayers for their Family

Father, we pray for those who are incarcerated, but we also pray for their families that they would receive the care and attention they need, and have their physical, emotional, and spiritual needs met by other family members, friends, church members, or someone else.

Please Lord, allow them to keep their hope alive that a family member behind bars is still not forsaken or forgotten by God if they have trusted in Christ; if not, we pray for them to know Your Son, Jesus Christ. May the families find comfort from others who are in similar situations and that they would be praying for one another.

Oh Righteous Father of Mercy, I pray for these men and women who are cut off from their families and who are serving time behind bars. As you know, it is very hard being separated from loved ones.

I pray these inmates may be able to see themselves as you see them, and that they are a child of theirs and are co-heirs with Christ, just as much as those who are out in the world. We know, if they never get out, we will all meet together someday at the great wedding feast of the Lamb of God.

If they are able to be released, please shield them from the judgment of others because they have already paid their debt to society, and they are now free. They shouldn’t be referred to as a criminal, con, or anything but a child of God…just we are.

Many of these men and women face that double jeopardy every day of their life after prison, so help others see them as forgiven and cleansed, and a child of God, and treated with respect and not treated as if they’re still guilty. I pray this in the name that is above all names, the Lord Jesus Christ, amen.

Prayer for Peace of Mind

Father God, I pray for those prisoners who are behind bars and that You give those who’ve trusted in You, peace.

Please help them to know that You are sovereign over all things and that much good can come from bad (Gen 50:20; John 3:16), and in even these men and women’s darkest hours, You are their true source of light which is found in Jesus Christ.

I pray that you give them the peace that Your Word promises for those who believe in Your Son (Rom 5:1) and please help them to know they are no longer condemned (Rom 8:1).

With the comfort that You give us, please give to them Lord, so that they might pillow their head tonight in peace, knowing that if you would come tonight, those doors would be open forevermore. I ask this for the glory of the Lord, Jesus Christ, in Whose name I pray, amen.

Protection from Danger

Father God, truly only You know how these men and women feel at this time. We cannot know exactly what they are living through right now. The world seems to be getting more dangerous every day Lord, and maybe for these men and women who might live with that fear.

In Your sovereign providence, it pleased You to call out some of these in their darkest hours, and to become new creations in Christ (2nd Cor 5:17); to a new life in Christ. Help see that they can run to You Father, for You are a Rock and a Shield to those Who trust in You.

In Your great wisdom God, You sometimes use hard places to soften hearts, and in such darkness, your grace is more amazing. Not many of us are great in the eyes of the world, but You have no respect for persons. You reach out to those who humble themselves Father, so help them submit to You and be set free from their fear by trusting in You.

Please Father, protect them on the inside so that they would be able to study Your Word, be a witness to those still sitting in darkness, and submit to authorities which is submitting to God (Rom 13:1-5). God, You alone know the future of these men and women; help them to rest in Your sovereignty. Help them to know they can trust in You.

For those who have not trusted in Your Son and received eternal life, please set divine appointments for those who are Christ’s witnesses inside the prisons, and keep them safe from harm while being His voice. May You receive all the glory for these men and women’s lives that’ve trusted in You, and in the mighty name of Jesus Christ I pray, amen.

Hope in the Future

Great God in heaven, thank you for those who have received eternal life in Jesus Christ, and for those who have been born again behind prison bars. Please Father, enable them to see hope that is found only in Jesus Christ.

Give them a desire to seek Him, and to long for that eternal home when all of the present, evil and suffering will be history (Rev 21:4). Please send them Your Spirit to point them to Your Word of hope in Your Holy Word, the Bible.

Apart from You, and Your Word, we could not know You or Your Son, Jesus Christ, so thank You for granting us Your mercy and giving us Your grace, and for those who You have pardoned, even if the state has not, they are seen as having Jesus’ righteousness (2nd Cor 5:21).

Help them to see that You have pardoned them, without parole, and loved them unconditionally. Lord God, allow them to fix their eyes on You, and the hope for a future we can’t even imagine, and that hope is found in Christ, in Whose precious name we pray, amen.

Using Bad for Good

Father, we know You can even use evil for good. All we need to do is to look at the cross, so help these men and women who are incarcerated to know that everything in our life, good and bad, is for our ultimate best (Rom 8:28). Sometimes we don’t always understand how bad can be good.

Help these prisoners to see that God is not going to give up on them, because Your Word shows that You forgive their sins and cleanse them from all unrighteousness.

If these prisoners are able to see that You are still working in their life Lord, they might have hope and know that You have promised to never leave them or forsake them (Deut 31:6; Heb13:5), even when they or we forsake You. Help them to take You at Your Word, and not use their feelings to guide their beliefs.

Perhaps You can use others to help them inside the prison Lord, for nothing is too hard for You. Allow them to see the good that can come from where they’re at now, and even if it looks bleak, good will come from it, and in Jesus’ strong name I pray, amen.

For Such a Time and Place

Great God in Heaven, You alone determine the future and know that which is not yet, so help these men and women to see that You have a purpose for where they are now, and know that You can use anyone for Your glory and for Your purposes, including them.

We know that You have commissioned us to make disciples of all nations, and that includes those who are incarcerated. Father, may You use these Christians behind bars to bring others into the kingdom by pointing others to Jesus Christ and trusting Him.

They realize that You have allowed them to suffer the consequences for their own actions, yet I realize You may use them to reach others behind bars where we cannot, so please Father, make divine appointments for these Christians in prison, and allow them to cross paths with those whose heart You have prepared for the Word, and in the Holy Name of Jesus Christ I pray, amen.


The Bible teaches us that Jesus expects His church to visit those who are in prison. He said, “I was in prison and you came to me” (Matt 25:36), and this is how He sees it; “as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me” (Matt 25:40), but we can’t forget about these inmates families either. They need ministering too.

If we minister to prisoners and their families, we do it for Jesus, but more importantly, what you do for the inmate’s families, you have done to the inmates. Ministering to prisoners is needed, but so is ministering to the families. They too are in a hard place, mentally, emotionally, and probably financially.

Plus, they often live under “guilt by association,” unfair as that is, so they need all of the care and compassion they can get.

Something more for you to read: How I Was Set Free in Prison

Resource – Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 – Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them

For My Husband Who Is Returning To Prison

Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them. Education and job training are better ways to help them.

Do you agree or disagree?

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1:

There are many different opinions on the best way to reduce crime. The traditionalsolution is to punish the criminals by putting them in prison. Some hold the view thateducation and job training are the long term solutions to cut crime. In my opinion,prison is the only answer in a few situations, but in most cases education, vocational

training and rehabilitation are better.

Prison is the only answer in case of criminals who are a risk to the society, such asmurderers. They cannot be made to mix with society. Some people also say that peoplewould not be afraid of doing crime if fear of imprisonment is not there. But I still feel

that in majority of cases, we can do without prisons.

In traditional prisons, people learn a lot about crime and so when they leave prison theywill commit even more crime. In other words prisons act as universities of crime. Sopetty offenders shop-lifters and pick-pockets should be given some vocationaltraining and education.

It is a well not fact that the basic causes of crime are poverty,illiteracy and unemployment. So, if we provide education and job training then wewould be removing the causes of crime.

If criminals are rehabilitated by some form of

employment then they would certainly not re-offend.

Furthermore, the prisons are expensive to maintain. The government can spend thatmoney on other important matters such as education and healthcare. This would easesome burden from the government’s shoulders. The petty and minor criminals can alsobe employed in some community service projects after providing education and

vocational training.

To put it in a nutshell, I pen down saying that we should hate the crime and not thecriminal. To fight crime we should focus on the causes of crime. Education and jobtraining help to rehabilitate the criminals. So, people who commit less serious crimes

should not be sent to prison. Focus should be on reforming them.

Model Answer 2:

One of the brewing discourses, which create a public stir, is the talk on the methods of dealing with criminals.

In relation to this, while some people argue that imprisonment is necessary to punish offenders, other people claim that implementing rehabilitating methods is more effective for both the offenders and the society. Prior to rendering my opinion, let us look into all the related arguments.

The primary factor we should consider is that the purpose of prison is to punish offenders so that make sure the safety of law-abiding citizens. There are many culprits who neglect other people’s lives and property and these criminals are threatening public order and innocents citizens.

Therefore, it is agreeable to imposing imprisonment and depriving them of liberty so that they are no longer able to commit crimes. Moreover, we should consider the emotion of the victims and their families.

They hope the criminals should be punished to pay the price for their guilt, instead of having education or vocational training for preparing their future lives, because it is a justice of the society.

On the contrary, human rights activist claim that implementing locking up is not effective way to deter crime rates and recidivism. There are several reasons we should provide vocational training and education for malefactors.

Firstly, education may change their thought on life and the society; hence, they have second change to recognize and reflect on their guilt, which leads them to re-integrate in the community. Furthermore, it is via vocational training that ex-convicts have proper job and support themselves and their family.

Therefore, they may be no longer induced by committing crime with financial motives.

In a nutshell, I have finally come to realization that imprisoning may be a good device to punish culprits; however, education and job training may help criminals to rehabilitate and integrate in the community. Moreover, it contributes to reduce crime motives among re-convicts.

Model Answer 3:

People hold different views as to whether or not criminals should be sent to serve a prison sentence. Although there are some advantages of imprisoning offenders, I would argue that it is better to equip them with occupational skills that allow them to lead an improved life through education.

Admittedly, punishing law breakers by incarceration can produce a deterring effect which forces people to give a second thought to committing a crime. This in turn could restrict the urge of anyone to offend and hence lower the crime rates.

In addition, by confining those who are serial killers or frequent offenders in a cage, they could be prevented from harming other individuals and causing more problems to the society.

Therefore, it is reasonable for us to claim that imprisonment is an effective way to deal with criminals.

On the other hand, educating criminals to be capable of securing a job and living a satisfactory life may be a better method to help them.

For example, a burglar who is forced to rob a residence because he has a daughter waiting for an urgent surgery, which demands considerable amount of money, could be offered financial supports and opportunities to acquire advanced job skills allowing him to compensate for the loss of the victims. This could also be done for those who are already in prison.

By equipping them with the ability to earn a living and blend in the society as competent social members, not only would they be thankful, but also they can bring a positive impact, benefiting both their families and the society.

In conclusion, penalizing criminals with long time confinement may have limited capacity in terms of preparing them for their after jail life. Educating them to be able to sustain their lives and make contributions to the society, on the other hand, is a more effective means to help them.

Sample Answer 4:

It is a common issue to cope with wrongdoers in society and how to redesign the existing prison system is argued by several groups of people. Some people suggest that we may provide training and works for them to adjust their behaviour and I partially agree with it.

First of all, it is a positive method to encourage wrongdoers and train them to live in normal life. Also, it will stimulate their ability and mind to rehabilitate and even adjust their attitude.

In this case, a friendly environment is well set and it may wholly affect their lives for a long time. Second, society may take advantage of the period of training and studying which may result in reducing the rate of crime committing.

Education is the root cause of such problems and that will be a wonderful chance to deal with it.

However, this policy may not have benefits on the convicts who had committed a serious and unforgivable crime. The convicts who are in jail and taken away of their basic human right deserve their sin.

And they are not capable of any treatment and scheme these which are seen as enjoyment to taxpayers or even a victim. With such concern, I suggest that it should be planned with a clear level of crime system to evaluate their crime.

Thus, different levels will give degrees of tasks and works and also eliminate citizens’ doubt and worry.

In conclusion, it is a controversial issue to consider a new and simple change of existing prison system. In my opinion, given the level crime of the system and apply to the scheme, it will be better and has positive and certain influence in both society and wrongdoers.

Model Answer 5:

Crime is triggered by different motivation and divided to different levels. Sending criminal into the jail is the most common method accepted by public but it is too narrow an approach. For some offenders, knowledge studying and job skill training is better than detention

Some criminals who stealing money or robbing passengers just because they suffered from poverty. Most of them few received good education or accepted vocation training, which is less allowed to find a job to feed themselves or their family. Equipping them with employment skills is an essential approach to solve this problem, meanwhile improving their social identity.

Apart from the criminal link to poverty, juvenile offenders are fit for educated. Youngsters who are not capable of distinguish legal or illegal behaviors are easily swayed by adult criminal.

Some of them chose commit a crime to release their emotion because neglected by family or abused by parent.

It is necessary to help them to rebuild notions of morality and acquire adequate education to accept by society.

Furthermore, spending time in prison may have negative effect to the impressionable minds of youngsters and repentance of adults. They may make friend with repeat offenders who abet them offend again and losing chance to back to the right way. The experience of prison may lead to people treat them unfairly, which will stand in the way of their life in the future.

above argument, it is easily to conclusion that education and training can address the root causes of crime, not only reduce first crime rates but also decrease re-offender rates. This is a perhaps long term solution, but it is more realistic solution that maintains society stability.

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