For My Brother Caught Up In Alcohol
How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System?
ARTICLE SUMMARY: Alcohol stays in your system and is usually detected in urine drug tests 12-24 hours. Still, it can sometimes be detected for up to 80 hours after you end a drinking session.
Alcohol can also be tested in saliva for 12 hours after you stop drinking. It can be traced in hair for 48 hours. Blood testing shows how much alcohol is currently present in your blood stream.
We review alcohol metabolism, alcohol detection, and drug testing principles for alcohol below.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Peak Levels And Half Life
In the United States, a standard drink is any drink that contains about 14 grams of pure alcohol found in:
- 12 ounces of regular beer, which is usually about 5% alcohol
- 5 ounces of wine, which is typically about 12% alcohol
- 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits, which is about 40% alcohol
One serving of alcohol is fully absorbed into the blood stream within 30 minutes to 2 hours after intake. This is because the body can metabolize about 0.25 ounces of alcohol per hour.
The amount of alcohol in your blood is known as “blood alcohol concentration” (BAC). The higher your BAC is, the more impaired you become. Generally speaking, alcohol is absorbed into the blood relatively quickly and metabolized more slowly. Usually the effects appear within 10 minutes, but the peak is reached at about an hour after consummation.In an average 150 pound person, for example, each drink adds 0.02% to BAC and hour that passes removes 0.01% from it. This is why alcohol concentrations build steadily throughout a drinking session. The Cleveland Clinic provides an online BAC calculator here.
However, the effects of alcohol vary by individual and by how much alcohol they drink in one session. In fact, the effects and levels of alcohol in the body depend upon a number of factors:
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- A person’s size and weight.
- Individual metabolism rate.
- Related food intake.
- The beverage consumed.
Alcohol is absorbed in the body more rapidly than it is metabolized. Because of this, alcohol levels can build up in your system very fast. Less than 10% of the alcohol is removed from the body in breath, sweat, and urine, while about 90% is eliminated by the process of oxidation that occurs in the liver with the action of the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH).
How long alcohol lasts in our body is connected with the amount of alcohol you drink. Generally speaking, one unit of alcohol stays in the body for about 2 hours after being taken. One alcohol unit equals one standard drink.
Why Test For Alcohol?
Alcohol impairment within the workplace and while driving can cause:
- Distortion of reality
- Impaired judgment
- Loss of concentration
- Memory loss
- Poor coordination
- Slow reaction time
People who drink alcoholic beverages while at work or while driving put themselves and everyone around them in danger. Local, state and federal laws have been created to protect public safety and require that employers or law enforcement officials urine drug tests you randomly, before and during employment, or reasonable suspicion.
How long do states keep a DUI on your record? It depends on that state’s laws.
Alcohol Testing Methods
1. Urine based tests.
Alcohol has a relatively short lifespan in the human system. Urine testing can be an accurate and reliable method for detecting the presence of alcohol if performed within the relatively short period following ingestion in which it can be detected. The results of a urine ethanol assay are expressed qualitatively as either “positive” or “negative” and do not measure levels of intoxication.
2. Blood based tests.
Blood testing for alcohol, on the other hand can measure the amount of ethanol in blood (which requires a 4 ml specimen in a fluoride-oxalate container) and is the preferred test in chronic alcoholism or in an acutely intoxicated patient.
3. Breathalyzer tests.
In addition to urine and blood sample testing, ethyl alcohol is measured by a gas chromatographic procedure which is able to differentiate it from other alcohols, notably methanol and isopropanol. In fact, today most drug screens for alcohol are taken via breathalyzer tests.
Breathalyzer tests are more useful to determine both the presence and the degree of acute alcohol intoxication.
Because breath tests are much simpler, faster and are less invasive than blood tests, they are the most common alcohol testing method used to detect the presence and amount of alcohol consumed.
4. Saliva tests.
Saliva, or oral fluid, tests can best detest a recent use of alcohol, and can be taken on-site. Also known as ‘mouth swab’ or ‘spit’ tests, these tests allows employers and law enforcement to randomly alcohol test you.
5. Hair follicle testing.
These tests can detect substances for a long period of time. Hair samples are taken by extracting a few strands of your hair. Usually, the hair is cut close to the scalp and 4 cm or 1.5 inches from the top are sent for analysis. Each half inch of hair represents 30 days of sampling history.
The detection time for alcohol depends upon the maximum level of blood alcohol content (BAC) achieved and varies by individual. People who achieve a moderate level of intoxication (0.10% BAC) are detectable about 8 hours after achieving that level. Moreover, the alcohol stay depends of the type of the test used.
The approximate detection windows by drug test are as following:
Urine: Alcohol has an approximate detection time of 12-24 hours in urine. In some cases, alcohol can be detected up to 80 hours after your last drink.
Hair: Generally, alcohol can be traced in hair about 48 after your last drink.
Saliva: These tests can show the presence of alcohol up to 12 hours after the drinking session ends.
Blood: It can take up to 2 hours for alcohol to show up in your blood. Then, these tests are used to examine the exact amount of alcohol in your system in the moment.
Find more information on alcohol detection timelines in our infographic here.
Signs of an Alcohol Problem
If you think that you may have problems with alcohol, you probably do.
If you are continually testing positive for the presence of alcohol, or routinely arrested for DUIs…it may be time to ask for help. If you show up to work hungover or can’t stop at one drink…it may be time to ask for help. If you don’t know how or why you started drinking in the first place…you can benefit from help!
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) lists the signs of a drinking problem as follows:
- A chronic need or craving for alcohol.
- Drinking interferes with health, home, or work responsibilities.
- Drinking more or longer than you intended.
- Feeling palpitations after drinking.
- Irritability, nervousness, or tremors when you can’t drink.
- The inability to stop or cut down on drinking.
But you don’t need to wait until these clear signs manifest.
Anytime you reach for a drink, despite negative effects in your life…you can benefit from help.
Help for alcohol problems is available. Once you go through medically supervised alcohol detox to get alcohol your body, you will learn ways to cope with life without drinking. Yes. Recovery from alcoholism is difficult. But it’s possible.
Alcohol, Alcoholism, And Addiction
Alcohol is one of the mostly widely used beverages across the world. This socially acceptable substance makes you feel relaxed and happy at first. But, the chronic use of alcohol over time can cause physical and mental dependence on alcohol in order to function. And as a nervous system depressant, alcohol can cause brain activity impairment resulting in:
- Difficulties in walking
- Impulsive behavior
- Memory lapses
- Slurred speech
About 10% of drinkers can develop psychological and physical dependency on alcohol. According to the 2016 National Survey on Drug Abuse and Health, 15.1 million people aged 12+ had alcohol use disorder in the past year.
1 in 18 Americans had drinking problems in 2016
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that every year between 2006-2010…88,000 people died from alcohol-related causes. In fact, alcohol is the third leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. So what are we doing about it? So, consuming alcohol is neither a joke, nor fun…
The NSDUH reports that about 21 million people needed rehab for alcohol and/or drug use in 2016. But the need for treatment is not currently being met. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism reports that only 1.5 million Americans either enter treatment for alcoholism or are admitted to a general hospital with medical conditions due to alcohol dependence annually.
Please leave your questions about drinking alcohol and alcohol detection below. Or, if you think you may have a drinking problem, please let us know anonymously. We are here to help refer you to local resources and services.
Reference sources: SAMHSA/CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocols: Chapter 9, Drug Testing as a Tool
U.S. Department of the Interior Signs and Symptoms Fact Sheet on Drugs and Alcohol
U.S. Department of Transportation publication: Safety issues on drugs and alcohol
U.S. National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) publication Drug testing in a drug court environment: common issues to address
What Happens If I’m Caught Sneaking Alcohol on a Cruise?
When it comes to drinking on a cruise, people know how to let loose. In fact, our survey showed that nearly 90% of people spend at least some money on booze during their trip. Even more surprising is that greater than 20% spend over $200 on alcohol during their cruise.
The honest truth is that it’s pretty easy to spend a lot of money on drinks. Cruise ships have a captive audience that’s ready to have fun, and they price the drinks accordingly. It’s not unusual to pay $6-7 for a domestic beer or $8-9 for a cocktail.
With prices so high, it’s no wonder that many people wonder about sneaking alcohol on with their luggage. In fact, is filled with videos of the best way to smuggle your favorite drink on board and Amazon offers up all the supplies you would need. It’s proof positive that the desire is there among cruise passengers.
Of course, all of this begs a big question. What if you are caught trying to sneak alcohol on the ship? Will you be fined? Kicked off the cruise? Put in jail?
The answer might surprise you…
Cruise Line Policies About Smuggling Alcohol
It’s not unusual that passengers will sneak alcohol aboard a cruise. In fact, in a recent survey 19% of passengers admitted to doing so at least once. It’s so common that the cruise lines explicitly state rules — and consequences — about bringing drinks on board with you.
These comments represent the “worst-case scenario” of what a cruise line could do to a passenger and serves as fair warning.
For example, Royal Caribbean states that they reserve the right to not allow you to board if you are caught sneaking in alcohol:
“Security may inspect containers (water bottles, soda bottles, mouthwash, luggage etc.) and will dispose of containers holding alcohol.Guests who violate any alcohol policies, (over consume, provide alcohol to people under age 21, demonstrate irresponsible behavior, or attempt to conceal alcoholic items at security and or luggage check points or any other time), may be disembarked or not allowed to board, at their own expense, in accordance with our Guest Conduct Policy.”
Carnival offers up a softer clause, that simply says they will take away what you sneak in and throw it out:
“Guests are prohibited from bringing alcoholic beverages on board with the following exception – At the beginning of the cruise during embarkation day only, guests (21 years of age and older) may bring one 750 ml bottle of sealed/unopened wine or champagne per person in their carry-on luggage. All liquor, beer, other forms of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages outside of this exception are strictly prohibited in both carry-on and checked luggage and such items will be confiscated and discarded and no compensation will be provided.”
Of course, what a cruise line reserves the right to do and what it actually does may be two different things. So to get a better idea of what really happens if you are caught smuggling on alcohol, we went in search for real stories from passengers.
What Happens If You’re Caught
We found a number of stories from passengers with anecdotes about when they were caught. The central theme appears to be that those caught smuggling alcohol have it removed from their bags, and either returned at the end of the trip or poured out.
One person mentioned how her friends had their booze taken away:
“Ive actually never had the bottle of rum i put in my luggage taken away. Im 5 for 5, so not sure how much they do actually check.
Anyway, went w a big group last year and about 3 12 people had their alcohol taken away.
All that happened was it was confiscated and placed back in your room the last night before your cruise is over, so you really run no risk. This was all on a Carnival cruise line ship.”
Another said they received their confiscated booze back at the end of the trip:
“I’ve been caught twice but never been kicked off a cruise. The cruise line confiscated my liquor and responsibly returned it the last evening of the cruise. There are web sites that sell non-detectable plastic flask. I’ve used them many times.”
A report from a Royal Caribbean passenger said that they had their alcohol taken away, and not returned at the end of the trip:
“We had it confiscated from checked baggage on Royal Caribbean. We had two bottles, one plastic, one glass, in different cases. The plastic liter made it through, the glass on didn’t. We had to go and claim our case and they searched it and took the bottle. They would not return it at the end of the cruise either.”
Another Carnival cruiser said they had their wine taken out, but returned at the end of the trip:
“Experience with Carnival: Had 4 passengers (2 adults, 2 kids) on a 5 night cruise. We packed in 2 large bags and put 2 bottles of wine in each bag. Two bottles were allowed through (policy says one bottle per person), the other 2 were confiscated. We got a note in our luggage telling us to pick them up on the morning of debarkation.”
Nowhere in our research did we find a person be kicked off a cruise or not allowed to board due to bringing on alcohol. That’s not to say it doesn’t happen, but we have yet to see stories of it take place.
Should You Risk Sneaking Booze?
There’s no doubt that trying to sneak on alcohol is popular among cruise passengers.
At the same time, the cruise lines are well aware of the tricks that people use and continually get better and better at detecting booze in luggage.
It’s rare that you will be able to smuggle in alcohol using a trick they haven’t seen before. Still, given the volume of passengers being screened in such a short time, many people are able to successfully bring on drinks.
Our advice? It’s usually not worth the risk to try and bring your own alcohol.While stories of passengers getting kicked off the ship are sparse, there is a strong possibility that your alcohol will be destroyed if found. That can be expensive.
Instead, we suggest simply bringing what the cruise lines allow and buying other drinks on board. (Use our calculator to see if you would save money with a drink package.)
If you do decide to try and sneak alcohol, be smart about it. There are a number of supplies that you can get that make your chances of success much higher.
Supplies for Sneaking Alcohol
If you do want to sneak some alcohol, the good news is that many supplies made for the task are easily available. The links below take you to Amazon where you can buy supplies.
“Rum Runner” type collapsible flask – $16
Shampoo bottle secret flask – $12
Fake lotion flasks – $8
Lid seals for resealing open bottles – $6
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